I have some experience with the ESA SNAP toolbox to process Sentinel images, but will be working with datasets from other satellites, so I’m looking at other FOSS solutions, mainly OTB, which I especially like for its Python API. I have also been looking at QGIS and GDAL.
To gather a basic overview of the applications, available I have been aiming to replicate RUS Training Kits:
I have a broad idea of how I can replicate functionality for most applications listed in the training kits, and some which I do not; I have listed what I know and don’t know below, any suggestions you can provide will be very helpful. I’ve also been using a workshop guide for Orfeo. Thanks in advance
|LAND01 - Optical||Crop mapping with Sentinel-2|
|Resampling||Sentinel data is stored in a SAFE format, with image data stored as JPEG2000 (
|Subset||Using OTB’s ExtractROI, with Extent Mode|
|Import Vector Data + Reproject||Using OTB’s VectorDataReprojection, using the vector data file as an input parameter.|
|Mask||Not sure about this one, my current approaches involve Using the ExtractROI application, with Fit mode, supplying the image to be masked and a shape file (.shp) for the vector mask itself. Another is using VectorDataExtractROI, which extracts the vector data features belonging to a region specified by a support image; though I think this only shrinks the vector data to a limited subset, rather than shrinking the image data as well.|
|Random Forest Classification||Based from the Orfeo Workshop, for Single Date Classification makes use of 3 applications: ComputeImageStatistics computes global mean and standard deviation for each band from images, TrainImageClassifier trains a classifier, (including random forests classifier), from multiple pairs of images, training vector data, and statistics of each feature that has been computed, and ImageClassifier performs an image classification based on a model file produced from training. For time-series classification, use the ConcatenateImages application generates a single image, from multiple images of the same size. The ColorMapping application visualises the .tif generated in RGB, and for validation, the ComputeConfusionMatrix application will make use of testing data.|
For SAR processing (relating to LAND07 below), the Orfeo Cookbook has a whole section dedicated to this, on which the table is mostly based.
|LAND07 - SAR||Deforestation Monitoring with Sentinel-1|
|Apply Orbit File||Have not found a similar solution|
|Thermal Noise Removal||Possible solution I found, is OTB’s SARCalibration, which has a disable noise flag, which suggests that noise is removed with calibration, though I’m not sure|
|Speckle Filtering||Using OTB’s Despeckle|
|Terrain Correction||Using OTB’s OrthoRectification. Not sure about the parameters and retrieving the DEM file, which SNAP seems to do automatically (uncertain if included in dataset, or downloaded)|
|Subset||Using OTB’s ExtentROI, similar as in LAND01|
|Convert Data Type||OTB’s DynamicConvert seems appropriate.|
|GLCM||OTB’s HaralickTextureExtraction, seems appropriate.|
|Band Merge||OTB’s ConcatinateImages seems closest option.|
|AOI Monitoring||I have not looked into this, I presume this would be a feature in QGIS|
|Random Forest Classification||I presume it would similar as in LAND01.|
Note: I do have access and can provide the AuxData and Sentinel Datasets if required.